Suppose there was a food shortage in Canada and importing food was not an option. The last resort is to ration food, which leads us to an ethical dilemma. The predicament Canada faces is deciding between ethical methods, because unlike some aspects of life; there can be more than one correct answer.

John Mill, in his utilitarian view, would have the people who can contribute most to the society receive the most rations. Mill believes that in any situation, the method that benefits the most people is the best solution. Based on Mill’s ideology, the farmers would get more rations because they are the individuals providing the country with food.

On the other side of the spectrum is John Locke whose views on ethics are based on rights. If Locke had his choice, every human would obtain identical rations because he believes every human is equal based on the virtue of their existence. When choosing between Mill’s and Locke’s methods, there is no wrong choice because in some cases ethics is a subjective matter.

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