Kundalini (kuṇḍalinī, Sanskrit: कुण्डलिनी, Thai: กุณฺฑลินี) literally means coiled, is a dormant Prana, the fundamental Lifeforce in the universe. In yoga, a "corporeal energy" - an unconscious, instinctive or libidinal force(Shakti), lies coiled at the base of the spine. Kundalini Shakti literally means 'coiled energy' and is visualized as the Godess Shakti or a sleeping serpent, hence the English term 'serpent power'.
- Prana, (Chinese-Chi, Qi, Japanese-Ki, Greek-Pneuma, Polynesian-Mana, Hebrew-Ruah, Egypt-Ka): fundamental Lifeforce in the universe, Breath of Life, biophysical energy
- Nandis, Meridians: channels this Prana passes through
- Accupuncture points: intersections of Nandis
- Chakra: wheel-shaped formations of Nandis, in which the Prana moves in a circular motion like a wheel
Chakra derived from the Sanskrit word for "wheel" or "turning" (sanskrit चक्रं, pronounced cakraṃ; Pali: cakka चक्क, Thai: จักระ, Tamil: சக்கரம், Kannada : ಚಕ್ರ, Chinese: 轮, Tibetan: འཁོར་ལོ་; khorlo) are Harmonic focal points within the human body. Chakra is a concept referring to wheel-like vortices which, according to Ayurveda, are believed to exist in the surface of our Aetheric body, also known as subtle energy body. The Chakras are said to be "force centers" or whirls of energy permeating, from a point on the physical body, the layers of the subtle bodies in an ever-increasing fan-shaped formation. Rotating vortices of subtle matter, they are considered the focal points for the reception and transmission of energies. Different systems posit a varying number of major chakras; the most well known system has seven major chakras.
Our Aetheric body has 70,000 Nadis, and 114 Chakras:
- 108 (manual) chakras inside the physical body
- 4 (automatic) Chakras inside the physical body
- 2 chakras outside the physical body
Although there are various interpretations as to what exactly a chakra is, the following features are common in all systems:
- Charkas form part of our Aetheric body, nadis (energy channels)(Thai: นาฑีส์), chakras (psychic centres), prana (subtle energy)(Thai: ปราณส์), and bindu (drops of essence).
- Five to seven Chakras are located along a central nadi, Sushumna (Thai: สุษุมฺนา), which runs either alongside or inside the spine.
- Two other nadis, Ida (Thai: อิทะ) and Pingala (Thai: ปิงฺคละ), also run through the chakras, and alongside Sushumna. They occasionally cross Sushumna around the location of the chakras (to form the wheel shape).
- Chakras possess a number of 'petals' or 'spokes'. In some traditions, such as the Tibetan, these spokes branch off into the thousands of nadis that run throughout the human body.
- Chakras are generally associated with a mantra seed-syllable and deity, and somtimes with a variety of colour.
There are seven primary chakras, each visualized as a flower with specific number of petals or spokes, refering to the number of Nandis forming the wheel shape.
- Muladhar (Sanskrit: मूलाधार, Mūlādhāra, Thai: มูลาธาระ) Base or Root Chakra (ovaries/prostate); 4 petals
- Swadhisthana (Sanskrit: स्वाधिष्ठान, Svādhiṣṭhāna, Thai: สฺวาธิษฺฐานะ) Sacral Chakra (last bone in spinal cord, the coccyx); 6 petals
- Manipur (Sanskrit: मणिपूर, Maṇipūra, Thai: มณีปูระ) Solar Plexus Chakra (navel area); 10 petals
- Anahat (Sanskrit: अनाहत, Anāhata, Thai: อนาหะตะ) Heart Chakra (heart area); 12 petals
- Vishuddha (Sanskrit: विशुद्ध, Viśuddha, Thai: วิศุทฺธะ) Throat Chakra (throat and neck area); 16 petals
- Ajna (Sanskrit: आज्ञा, Ājñā, Thai: อาชฺญา) Brow or Third Eye Chakra (pineal gland or third eye); 2 petals
- Sahasrar (Sanskrit: सहस्रार, Sahasrāra, Thai: สหัสฺราระ) Crown Chakra (top of the head; 'soft spot' of a newborn); 1000 petals